# Voltage Divider

Here is an example by Darrel Taylor for a voltage divider circuit. This makes it possible for a PIC to give an analog measurement for voltage that is more than 5v.

This example divides a 25 volt source into about 4.38 volts for the PIC's A/D converter to handle.

The ratio of the voltage divider is (R1+R2)/R2. To scale up the A/D reading you just multiply the value times the total resistance of the divider (R1+R2) then divide that number by R2.

If the input is 25Vdc then the output voltage will be 25v/((R1+R2)/R2) or 25v / ((4700+1000)/1000)) = about 4.38 Vdc. With 10-bit A/D you should get an ADCin of around 898. If you first scale that A/D value up to match the voltage divider ratio, you can then calculate the voltage the same way you would if you were reading 0-5 V.

898 * 5700 / 1000 = 5118 This is what the A/D would be if it could actually read 0-25 volts directly.

Now then, for 1 decimal place, multiply that by 50 and divide by 1023. For 2 decimal places, multiply by 500 instead.

5118 * 50 / 1023 = 250 or 25.0Vdc

The program below is one way to do it in PBP.

HTH, Darrel

```Res1   Var Word
Res2   Var Word
Rt     Var Word
Volts  Var Word
AD     Var Word

GetReadings:
ADCin  0, AD
Res1 = 4700          ' Change these to match your Voltage divider
Res2 = 1000          ' resistor values for the Solar Cell
Gosub CalcVoltage
LCDout \$FE,2,"Solar= ",DEC Volts/10,".",DEC1 Volts Dig 0," Vdc"

ADCin  1, AD
Res1 = 2200          ' Change these to match your Voltage divider
Res2 = 1000          ' resistor values for the Battery
Gosub CalcVoltage
LCDout \$FE,\$C0,"Batt = ",DEC Volts/10,".",DEC1 Volts Dig 0," Vdc"

goto GetReadings

CalcVoltage:
Rt = Res1 + Res2        ' Total resistance of Voltage Divider
Volts = AD * Rt         ' Scale the AD reading accordingly
Volts = DIV32 Res2
Volts = Volts * 50      ' Convert AD to Voltage
Volts = DIV32 1023
Return
```

This article was originally published in forum thread: Using the A/D for Monitoring a Solor Cell and Battery started by chuck.sieveking

Page last modified on March 02, 2018, at 10:22 PM